# anticipated regret can affect our emotions in the present > While anticipated regret is an expectation that is primarily cognitive, it likely also has an affective component, as imagining an unpleasant future may elicit emotion in the present. Studies have located neural substrates of anticipated regret during decisions as reactivation of the orbital prefrontal cortex and the amygdala, which is consistent with anticipated regret having cognitive and affective components ([Coricelli, et al., 2005](https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5408743/#R13), [2007](https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5408743/#R14)). ([[(Brewer et al., 2016)#^s0kqr]])